Adjectives, Adverbs, Comparisons

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Adjectives

Adjectives are used before nouns (It’s a big table.)

Adjectives are also used after the verbs: be, look, feel, sound, smell, taste, appear (The soup tastes delicious.)

Adverbs of manner (Τροπικά επιρρήματα)

Adverbs are used before or after verbs                         (She sings beautifully.)

Adverbs are also used before adjectives                             (He is wearing a really funny hat.)

Σχηματίζονται με την κατάληξη -ly στο τέλος του επιθέτου (happily, quickly, beautifully)

Some are the same as their adjectives (fast, early)

The adverb of “good” is “well”

Some have two forms with a different meaning:

Adjective Adverb Adverb
hard  = σκληρός-ή-ό 

  It is a hard steak.
 

hard  = σληρά

They work hard.

hardly  = σχεδόν καθόλου, μετά βίας

You hardly know that man.

late = αργός-ή-ό, αργοπορημένος-η-ο

You are late again.

late = αργά

He got up late.

lately = πρόσφατα, τον τελευταίο καιρό

I’ve been jogging a lot lately.

near = κοντινός-ή-ό

My office is near.

near = κοντά

He lives near here.

nearly = σχεδόν

It’s nearly five o’ clock.

high = ψηλός-ή-ό

The mountain is high.

high = ψηλά

Can you jump high?

higly = πολύ, σε μεγάλο βαθμό

Alice is a highly successful singer.

Comparative forms of adjectives & adverbs

Adjectives Positive Comparative Superlative
One or two syllables tall taller than the tallest of / in
large larger than the largest of / in
fat fatter than the fattest of / in
happy happier than the happiest of / in
More than two syllables interesting more interesting than the most interesting of / in
Irregular good better than the best of / in
bad worse than the worst of / in
many / much more than the most of / in
little less than the least of / in
far farther / further than the farthest / furthest of / in
Adverbs Positive Comparative Superlative
same as adjectives fast faster than the fastest of / in
ending in -ly quickly more quickly than the most quickly of / in
Irregular well better than the best of / in
badly worse than the worst of / in

Note

► Όταν συγκρίνουμε δύο πρόσωπα ή πράγματα και θέλουμε να δείξουμε πως είναι ίδια, χρησιμοποιούμε τη φράση “as + θετικό βαθμό + as

(Mike is as clever as John.)

► Για να δείξουμε ότι δεν είναι ίδια, χρησιμοποιούμε τη φράση

not as + θετικό βαθμό + as

(Mike is not as clever as John.)

► Προσέξτε τη μετατροπή:

My bike is faster than yours. = Your bike isn’t as fast as mine.

John is more careful than Mary. = Mary isn’t as careful as John.

Note

► Χρησιμοποιούμε τη λέξη very μπροστά από επίθετα θετικού βαθμού

(My house is very big.)

► Χρησιμοποιούμε τις λέξεις much, a lot, a little μπροστά από επίθετα συγκριτικού βαθμού

(My house is much bigger than yours. My house is a lot bigger than yours. My house is a little bigger than yours.)

Adjectives ending in -ed & -ing

yes  Adjectives ending in -ed show how the person speaking feels

(I am interested in science fiction books. I am tired today.)

yes  Adjectives ending in -ing show how a person or a thing seems to us, what is our opinion about a person or a thing

(John is an interesting man. This is an interesting book. Football practice is tiring.)

Like – As – Such as

Like As Such as

για παρομοιώσεις

He works like a slave.

για να πούμε τι ισχύει στην πραγματικότητα, ιδίως όταν αναφερόμαστε σε επάγγελμα, ρόλο

He works as a doctor.

μετά τα ρήματα: feel, look, smell, taste, sound

It feels like velvet.

μετά από κάποια ρήματα ή εκφράσεις, όπως: accept, describe, regard (=θεωρώ), is known, use, as…as, as usual, the same as, etc

He is regarded as an expert on computers.

σημαίνει “σαν, όπως, πχ”

I like fruit, like apples and bananas.

σημαίνει “σαν, όπως, πχ”

I like fruit, such as apples and bananas.

 


Click the pictures to do some clubefl quizzes!

      

     


Time for practice

adjective or adverb ex1    

adjective or adverb ex2

-ed & -ing adjectives     as or like

ex1     ex2     ex3     ex4

harder exercises:     ex1     ex2     ex3     ex4

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